Implementation of Sustainable Public Procurement in the Rail Transport in the Czech Republic and a Comparison with the Other Members of the Visegrad Group
|Článek v odborném periodiku
|Časopis / Zdroj
|NISPAcee Journal of Public Administration and Policy
|Fakulta / Pracoviště MU
|Agenda 2030;socially responsible public procurement;sustainable public procurement
|This paper focuses on sustainable public procurement (SPP) and its role in the public procurement of the members of the Visegrad Group (Hungarian, Poland, Slovakia, Czech Republic). Sustainable public procurement is a current trend in public purchasing around the world. The policy of the European Union in regard to sustainable development which respects the aims of Agenda 2030 attempts to influence the policy of public procurement of European Union members. Each country, including the countries of the Visegrad Group, tries to implement the criteria of sustainable development into its procurement process and change legislation. The main research questions of the article are how successful the countries are and to what extent they implement the sustainable criteria through tenders in the railway sector. The aim of this article is to compare the implementation of public procurement in the Czech Republic with other members of the Visegrad Group (Poland, Slovakia, Hungary) and evaluate how the public procurement respects the criteria of sustainable public procurement in the case of the selected public procurement in railway transport. The results show that there are different methods for the implementation of SPP in the V4 countries. There are some procedural problems in the implementation of SPP in the Czech Republic. Firstly, this involves the strict legislation which could cause many problems including the unfulfilled SPP objectives as a whole. The leader seems to be Poland. The Polish experience is characterized by a clearly defined strategy of socially responsible public procurement, the crucial role of an autonomous central body that creates supervision, methodology and shares good experience. The criteria are defined, which subsequently facilitates the monitoring of socially sustainable public procurement. The Polish carrier also excels, together with the Slovak carrier, in the evaluation of tenders. The Hungarian implementation of SPP is similar to that of its Polish counterpart, but it is not that comprehensive without the monitoring of the SPP tenders. There are significant differences across the regions.