Brno in transition: from industrial legacy towards modern urban environment



Rok publikování 2022
Druh Kapitola v knize
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Ekonomicko-správní fakulta

Popis The history of Brno industry goes back to the middle of the 18th century and is connected with the first textile manufactories and later factories, which, at the beginning of the 20th century, were significantly surpassed by the engineering industry. For more than 200 years, the industry in Brno not only played a major role in the economic production system, but also served as the system for social reproduction and establishing the cultural forms. Industrial production was, in the case of Brno, the major decisive factor concerning the spatial organisation and the functional-spatial layout of the city. It is clear that thanks to the industrial heritage and the persistent spirit of industrial traditions, the city owes its prosperity and dynamic development in the 19th and 20th centuries.In the last 20 years, the industrial, but also the commercial, service and institutional functions of the inner city have been gradually weakening at the expense of new economic structures located on the outskirts of the city. The transfer of production activities to newly formed industrial zones, technological and innovation parks connected to administrative and logistics centres, and the construction of large-scale retail entities have become an economic and spatial urban phenomenon. Despite the considerable manifestation of post-socialist de-industrialisation which culminated with the loss of economic dominance, the industrial heritage in Brno still leaves a highly significant trace that shapes the basic form of the city. Despite this, Brno has managed to break free from the more or less rigid industrial legacy in recent decades and has become a city with a modern urban environment.
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