Transformation of urban public transport financing and its effect on operators' efficiency: evidence from the Czech Republic
|Článek v odborném periodiku
|Časopis / Zdroj
|Central European Journal of Operations Research
|Fakulta / Pracoviště MU
|Cluster analysis; DEA; Efficiency; Network structure; Public transport
|The purpose of this study is to analyze changes in the efficiency of urban public transport in the Czech Republic. Network data envelopment analysis and cluster analysis were applied to data from 19 urban public transport systems during 2004–2016. The series structure of the network was considered, including production and consumption stages with three external inputs (employees, rolling stock, and energy), one final output (passengers), and two intermediate products (vehicle-kilometres and seat-kilometres). The relationship between changes in efficiency and the method of financing for the operation of transport services was explored through standard statistical methods. One of the main findings was that the efficiency of smaller transport systems with complicated access to sources of funding were systematically less efficient, particularly in the consumption stage. These trends were even more significant after the reorganization of urban public transport funding in 2010.