Identifikace demografických trendů v příhraničních regionech ČR v kontextu financování místních veřejných služeb

Title in English Identification of demographic trends in border areas of CZ in context of financing of local public services

MOLAK Maciej

Year of publication 2019
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference XXII. mezinárodní kolokvium o regionálních vědách. Sborník příspěvků.
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Economics and Administration

Keywords demographic changes; border area; local public services
Description Annotation (v angličtině; případně v češtině/slovenštině, jde-li o anglicky psaný článek) The main aim of this paper is to identify the demographic trends and main factors which influence the structure of settlement in border areas in Czech Republic in the context of financing local public services. For purposes of the analysis the Czech-Polish border region has been selected as a reference area within which statistical data (number of inhabitants, median age in the population, migration etc.) for the period 2007 – 2017 were compiled. For more comprehensive and complexed insight into this issue demographic data of Polish border regions were analyzed and involved as well. Resulting data were processed by means of theory of sets and structured data. In current system of financing municipalities in CZ the negative demographic trends in the border area influence providing of the local public services. The influence includes both incomes and costs of municipalities. As an example, the analysis of project for newly-created nursery schools co-financed by IROP has been conducted. The main conclusion of this paper is that demographic trends in border area have negative impacts on the settlement of this regions. That means it can influence financing of the local public services.
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