The Regional Relationship between Quality of Business and Social Environment: Harmony or Disharmony



Year of publication 2013
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Ekonomika a management
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Economics and Administration

Field Economy
Keywords regional development - business environment - social environment - harmony
Description The paper assesses the relationships between the quality of business and social environments on the example of micro-regions (districts of municipalities with extended powers) and meso-regions (NUTS 3) of the Czech Republic. The applied approach develops the concept of the quality of life including the identification of system links to regional competitiveness and sustainability of development. In this context, the assessment of the business component of the regional environment that has been already carried out was supplemented with the assessment of the social component, when the regions were divided into progressive, standard and regressive. In both cases, it has been proved (in correspondence with core-periphery theories) that there is a tendency towards a decrease in the environment quality in the direction to regional borders. Subsequently, we evaluated the balance of the classification of regions (districts) within the individual components and based on this, the districts of municipalities with extended powers were divided into three types: business-oriented (type A), complex (B) and socially oriented (C). The proportion of the “balanced” type B is slightly lower than that of the two remaining “unbalanced” types. Naturally, the results of NUTS 3 evaluation correspond with this. A similar result was obtained in the case of the evaluation of regional harmony, which is understood as a qualitatively higher level of balance meeting socially desirable development standards. In correspondence, its level is defined by the proportion of type B regions and type A regions (excluding the regions with social environment quality below average). The results show that from the perspective of the distribution of inhabitants, relatively harmonic relationship prevails, while from the purely territorial perspective, the prevailing relationship is disharmonic.
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