Destiny of urban brownfields: spatial patterns and perceived consequences of post-socialistic deindustrialization


KUNC Josef MARTINÁT Stanislav TONEV Petr FRANTÁL Bohumil

Year of publication 2014
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Economics and Administration

Field Municipal, regional, and transport planning
Keywords brownfields; perception; residents; city of Brno; city of Ostrava; Czech Republic
Description Compared to Western European or North American countries with developed market economies, the formation and acceptance of brownfields in post-socialist countries was delayed by approximately 30 years. For the Central European and partly Eastern European countries, the fall of the Iron Curtain and the transition after 1989 from a planned and state-controlled economy towards a market economy was unique for its time consistency. Yet it was also specific for the distinct statuses of main sectors of national economy of individual countries, which got hugely manifested during the formation of spatial and functional connections concerning the problems of brownfields of all types (post-industrial, post-agricultural, post-military, etc.). In the Czech Republic, there is a long history of industry; from the middle of the 19th century (the boom of the Industrial Revolution), it was regarded the most industrially developed country of Central and Eastern Europe. The massive deindustrialization of the 1990s caused increased concentrations of brownfield localities, with the local people and public administration becoming more familiar with them, and it also led to initial efforts for their systematic regeneration. The cities of Brno and Ostrava (Czech Republic), as well as other big cities in the Central European area, are typical for their finished intensive process of deindustrialization. Yet regarding their economic preferences, and thus the existence of brownfields there, they are highly distinct – in Brno there are more textile and engineering companies together with military and agricultural facilities; in Ostrava abandoned coal mining and metallurgical industry sites prevail. From the perspective of human-geographical methods and approaches, this contribution deals both with the functional-spatial consequences of brownfield existence in urban space, as well as with the results of research focused on the perception of the given issues by the residents of Brno and Ostrava.
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