Evaluation of the effectiveness of high-speed rail projects in the Czech Republic in terms of their integration potential

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VITURKA Milan PAŘIL Vilém

Rok publikování 2020
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj GeoScape
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Ekonomicko-správní fakulta

Citace
www GeoScape
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/geosc-2020-0001
Klíčová slova high-speed rail/HSR - integration - metropolises - labour mobility - marginal rate
Popis The paper deals with the evaluation of the effectiveness of the construction of high-speed rails/HSR in the Czech Republic with an emphasis on the perception of their potential impact on labour market integration. The introductory part analyzes the position of the main Central European metropolises in the HSR network as a tool for transnational integration, where the leading position of German and Swiss metropolises was confirmed. The main goal of the paper focus is on assessing the impact of HSR construction projects on the work attractiveness of Czech metropolitan regions using the model of marginal rate of labour mobility model determined by the ratio of income and cost increases (including variant scenarios of lost time costs as negative externality). Its application combines economic and geographic analysis and thus contributes to the integration of space and time into economic theory. The performed analyses demonstrate the most significant positive impacts of the construction of HSR on the work attractiveness of Prague, followed by Brno. Regarding the adequate effects of the operating speed, it is possible to evaluate them as secondary due to the small distances of the affected residential centres. Overall, we expect that the implementation of the discussed projects will not have a significant impact on the labour mobility of the population and it is therefore necessary to pay attention to their other benefits.
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