The Causes of an Unequal Position of Women in the Labour Market



Rok publikování 2017
Druh Článek ve sborníku
Konference 5th Proceedings of the International Conference on Management, Leadership and Governance (ICMLG 2017)
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Ekonomicko-správní fakulta

Obor Řízení, správa a administrativa
Klíčová slova Gender; stereotypes; segregation; glass ceiling; labyrinth and cliff
Popis According to data from the European Commission, 74% of men are currently employed, but only 63% of women. Therefore, true gender equity in the labour market has still not been achieved. In addition, women are more likely than men to have insecure jobs, which typically have fixed-term contracts and salaries which are on average 16% lower, which corresponds to a 39% difference in the amount of future pensions (Noichl, 2015). Women are more likely to work part-time even though they would like to work full-time. This article aims to give an overview of the issue in the Czech Republic and answer the question of whether preconceived stereotypes are the main cause of the horizontal and vertical segregation of the labour market by gender. The introduction looks at the basis for gender segregation, and this is followed by an explanation of how stereotypes operate in business practice. The significant influence of stereotypes on the unequal position of men and women is then demonstrated using the results of several relevant research studies, and there is also an examination of the circumstances that contribute to this phenomenon.

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