Intensity and Structure of Research and Development in the Czech and Slovak Regions


KLÍMOVÁ Viktorie ŽÍTEK Vladimír

Rok publikování 2017
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Ekonomicko-správní fakulta

Obor Ekonomie
Klíčová slova research and development; innovation; region; Czech Republic; Slovak Republic
Přiložené soubory
Popis Research and development (R&D) is perceived as an important source for new innovation and innovation is the key driving force for economic development and competitiveness. This article deals with characteristics of research and development in the Czech and Slovak regions. Both states have common history, similar socio-economic conditions and similar problems. The aim of the article is to assess and compare the intensity and structure of R&D in the regions. It was confirmed that in both countries research activity is concentrated in the capital cities (Prague and the Bratislava Region) and the South Moravian Region. The expenditures on R&D reach 2 % of gross domestic product in the Czech Republic and 0,89 % in Slovakia, which is below the average of the EU countries. The intensity of R&D in this article is evaluated through the IR&D index and using the cluster analysis the regions are divided into three groups. The IR&D index confirmed higher intensity of R&D in the Czech regions. The evaluation of the R&D structure is based on Quadrant of research orientation and it is supplemented by the share of technical and natural sciences. The best prerequisites for innovations can be expected in regions with Pasteur-type and Edison-type research orientation. Our analysis showed that research activity is lower in Slovakia in general and this fact does not represent good conditions for Slovak competitiveness.
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