The impact of immigration and integration policies on immigrant-native labour market hierarchies

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Year of publication 2023
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Economics and Administration

Keywords European Union; decomposition; native; immigrant; labor market; employment
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Description Across European Union (EU) labor markets, immigrant and native populations exhibit disparate labor market outcomes, signifying widespread labor market hierarchies. Despite the considerable investment in migration and integration policies, it remains unclear whether these contribute to or alleviate labor market hierarchies between natives and immigrants. Using a longitudinal model based on individual-level EU LFS and country-level DEMIG POLICY and POLMIG databases, we explore variation in changes of immigration and integration policies across Western EU member states to study how they are linked to labor market hierarchies in terms of unemployment and employment quality gaps between immigrant and native populations. Our findings suggest that designing less restrictive immigration and integration policies could aid in reducing existing labor market disadvantages for immigrants, enabling them to realize their full potential and reduce the immigrant-native labor market hierarchies.
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