Průmyslová struktura ČSR na konci 80. let: milník k post-socialistické transformaci urbánního prostředí

Title in English Industrial Structure of the CSR in Late 1980s: A Milestone for the Post-Socialist Transition of Urban Environment


Year of publication 2022
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference XXV. mezinárodní kolokvium o regionálních vědách. Sborník příspěvků
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Economics and Administration

Keywords sectoral and spatial structure of industry; specialization index; urban environment; socialist era from 1948 to 1989; Czech Socialist Republic
Attached files
Description n CSR, industry had an immediate impact on the urban environment of Czech cities, not only during the Industrial Revolution and interwar period, but also during the socialist era. The aim of the paper is to analyze and interpret the differences in the spatial and sectoral structure of industrial production with a focus on the urban environment. Industrial production was analyzed from three points of view: i) the share of industries onemployment in districts, ii) largest employers in regional centres, and iii) individual industries in regional centres (the specialization index was calculated). The results have shown the most significant increase in the share of employees in industry inthe 1950s and 1960s as a part of the so-called socialist industrialization. During the 1970s and 1980s, industry was losing its relative share, but it kept growing in absolute terms until 1989. In the late 1980s, there were 10 districts with the share of industry on total employment larger than 50%, and in three districts over 60%. Based on the specialization index, four regional centres became very specialized at the time: Karlovy Vary (glass and building materials industry), Ústí nad Labem and Pardubice (chemical and rubber industry), and Olomouc (food industry).
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