Sociální determinanty prekarizace práce v evropských zemích

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Title in English Social Determinants of the Labour Precarisation in the EU Countries


Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Fórum sociální politiky
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Social Studies

Field Sociology, demography
Keywords labor market; precariat; precarization; work conditions
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Description The article deals with the problem of precarious work in the European Union countries. According to International Labor Organization definition, the work is precarious when the employee doesn’t have appropriate job security. This includes for example temporary, part-time and short-term jobs. The utilized data come from the European Union Labor Force Survey (years 2000–2015) and support the hypothesis that the percentage of precarious work across European Union countries has risen from about 20% up to approximately 24% in the above mentioned period. In the times of financial crisis, the percentage of precarious work surprisingly fell, probably because the part-time employees are the easily expendable and thus easily displaceable – this supports the definitional premise that the precarious work doesn’t give the employee sufficient job security. The second part of the analysis deals with the social determinants of precarious work. The authors analyze data from the European Union Labor Force Survey using logistic regression and find out that the most precarised groups of employees are women and people with lower education. This supports the technological change theory which proposes that even in the times of educational expansion is the labor market able to absorb rising number of university educated employees because new occupational positions have higher qualification requirements. Even the narrowing of the educational gender gap hasn’t equalized the occupational gender gap yep. For women, the risk of precarization rises with their marriage and maternity, which supports the hypothesis concerning the persistent gender discrimination from employers. The average percentage of precarised jobs is slightly lower in the new European Union countries.
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