Comparison of Nonprofit Organizations and Profit Firms: Do We Compare Units or Their Environments?
|Year of publication||2017|
|Type||Article in Proceedings|
|Conference||PROCEEDINGS OF THE 21ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE CURRENT TRENDS IN PUBLIC SECTOR RESEARCH|
|MU Faculty or unit|
|Web||Proceedings of the 21st International Conference Current Trends in Public Sector Research 2017|
|Keywords||nonprofit organizations; organizational effectiveness; public services; comparative research|
|Description||The contribution focuses on a comparative methodology of effectiveness of nonprofit organizations and profit firms. The comparison of effectiveness of these two organizational forms has been dealt with in several studies, however, their results have been vague. At the same time there are only a few research papers which have concentrated on a comparative methodology. The objective of the contribution is thus to introduce some partial conclusions of the author’s dissertation connected with a comparative methodology of different legal forms by way of an example of a specific research project in the field of secondary general education in the Czech Republic. The possibility to compare effectiveness of profit firms and nonprofit organizations is very limited for two reasons. Nonprofit organizations represent a highly heterogeneous group thanks to which the comparison is made more difficult. Nonprofit organizations occur sporadically with other types of providers in mixed markets, the markets are usually separated. The main recommendation in case of comparison of two types of organizational forms is to, first of all, carry out a thorough analysis of environment and markets and define factors which are different for each type of an organization. Conclusions concerning nonprofit organizational effectiveness can only be drawn for a specific area of public services at a specific time.|